Trial Shows How Spammers Operate
By MATTHEW BARAKAT AP Business Writer
LEESBURG, Va. (AP) -- As one of the world's most prolific spammers,
Jeremy Jaynes pumped out at least 10 million e-mails a day with the
help of 16 high-speed lines, the kind of Internet capacity a
1,000-employee company would need.
Jaynes' business was remarkably lucrative; prosecutors say he grossed
up to $750,000 per month. If you have an e-mail account, chances are
Jaynes tried to get your attention, pitching software, pornography and
The eight-day trial that ended in his conviction this month shed light
on the operations of a 30-year-old former purveyor of physical junk
mail who worked with minimal assistance out of a nondescript house in
A state jury in Leesburg has recommended a nine-year prison term in
the nation's first felony trial of spam purveyors. Sentencing is set
During the trial, prosecutors focused on three products that Jaynes
hawked: software that promises to clean computers of private
information; a service for choosing penny stocks to invest in; and a
"FedEx refund processor" that promised $75-an-hour work but did little
more than give buyers access to a Web site of delinquent FedEx
Jaynes, going by Gaven Stubberfield and other aliases, had established
a niche as a pornography purveyor, said Assistant Attorney General
Russell McGuire, who prosecuted the case. But Jaynes was constantly
tweaking and rotating products.
Relatively few people actually responded to Jaynes' pitches. In a
typical month, prosecutors said during the trial, Jaynes might receive
10,000 to 17,000 credit card orders, thus making money on perhaps only
one of every 30,000 e-mails he sent out.
But he earned $40 a pop, and the undertaking was so vast that Jaynes
could still pull in $400,000 to $750,000 a month, while spending
perhaps $50,000 on bandwidth and other overhead, McGuire said.
"When you're marketing to the world, there are enough idiots out
there" who will be suckered in, McGuire said in an interview.
Prosecutors believe Jaynes had a net worth of up to $24 million, and
they described one of his homes as a mansion, though the e-mail came
from a house described as average.
Jaynes got lists of e-mail addresses _ millions of them _ through a
stolen database of America Online customers. He also illegally
obtained e-mail addresses of users of the online auction site eBay.
Prosecutors don't know how he got the lists, though McGuire said the
AOL names matched a list of 92 million addresses an AOL software
engineer has been charged with stealing. However Jaynes got them, they
were particularly valuable because AOL customers and eBay users by
their very nature have already shown a willingness to engage in
Under Virginia law, like a federal anti-spam measure that took effect
months later, sending out commercial pitches, even on a massive scale,
is not itself illegal. The e-mail must be unsolicited and contain
false information as to its origin or transmission.
Jaynes did that in several ways.
He provided bogus contact information and company names when
registering for Web sites, making it almost impossible for recipients
to track him down. He also falsified routing information within
message headers and used software to generate phony domain names
identifying the e-mail server used to send messages.
"He would do that to circumvent the spam filters," said Lisa
Hicks-Thomas, section chief for the Virginia attorney general's
computer crimes unit.
Jaynes honed his techniques a decade ago as a distributor of regular,
old-fashioned junk mail hawking a "mortgage refund processor," similar
to the FedEx refund processor he pitched in his spam, McGuire said.
But the ability to set up shop in cyberspace allowed Jaynes to take his
fraud to a whole new level, McGuire said.
A videotape prosecutors were barred from showing at trial shows Jaynes
sitting amid his array of computer equipment, bragging about sitting
at "spam headquarters." It appears, though, that Jaynes was sending
out e-mails 24 hours a day, so he could frequently leave those
And it appears he had little assistance.
Jaynes' sister, Jessica DeGroot, was convicted of identical charges
but given no jail time. A third defendant was acquitted.
Prosecutors would not discuss the investigative techniques that led to
Jaynes' capture. But John Levine, author of "The Internet for Dummies"
and an expert witness for the prosecution in Jaynes' trial, said
Jaynes was relatively unsophisticated compared to spammers who use
"zombie servers" in foreign countries _ akin to "e-mail laundering" _
to hide the e-mail's true origin. Such zombies are often innocent
Internet users whose computers, through a virus or other malicious
code, become relays for spam.
"I was surprised at how simple his operation was," Levine said. "If he
were more clever, it would have been much harder to catch him."
Jaynes' defense attorney, David Oblon, never disputed that his client
was a bulk e-mail distributor. But he argued that the law was poorly
crafted and that prosecutors never proved the e-mail was
unsolicited. He also argued before the trial that the law is an
unconstitutional infringement of free speech.
Jaynes can raise the free-speech issue on appeal, and Oblon said both
he and Jaynes are confident the conviction will eventually be
overturned. Oblon also took issue with the recommended nine-year
sentence, calling it exceptionally harsh.
Virginia is investigating similar cases, and McGuire said a lengthy
sentence would serve as a deterrent _ not only in Virginia, where
prosecutors brought the case given that AOL's headquarters is there.
Copyright 2004, Lycos, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
*** FAIR USE NOTICE. This message contains copyrighted material the use of
which has not been specifically authorized by the copyright owner. This
Internet discussion group is making it available without profit to group
members who have expressed a prior interest in receiving the included
information in their efforts to advance the understanding of literary,
educational, political, and economic issues, for non-profit research and
educational purposes only. I believe that this constitutes a 'fair use' of
the copyrighted material as provided for in section 107 of the U.S.
Copyright Law. If you wish to use this copyrighted material for purposes of
your own that go beyond 'fair use,' you must obtain permission from the
copyright owner, in this instance Lycos, Inc.
For more information go to: