By LISA LEFF, Associated Press Writer
SAN FRANCISCO - Sirens wailed through the city before dawn Tuesday as
residents marked the moment 100 years earlier when the Great Quake
shattered the city, killing thousands as it leveled buildings and
touched off fires that burned for days.
A handful of centenarians who survived that devastation joined hundreds of
residents for a moment of silence and a memorial ceremony to remember one of
the worst natural disasters in U.S. history.
"What an extraordinary example, the pioneering spirit that defines our past,
I would argue defines our present, and gives me optimism of the future,"
said Mayor Gavin Newsom. "San Francisco, a city of dreamers. And San
Francisco, a city of doers."
Most of the city's 400,000 residents were still in bed when the
magnitude-7.8 earthquake struck at 5:12 a.m. on April 18, 1906.
The foreshock sent people scrambling, and the main shock arrived with
such fury that it flattened crowded rooming houses. The epicenter was
a few miles offshore of the city, but it was felt as far away as
Oregon and Nevada. In 28 seconds, it brought down the City Hall.
From cracked chimneys, broken gas lines and toppled chemical tanks, fires
broke out and swept across the city, burning for days. Ruptured water pipes
left firefighters helpless, while families carrying what they could fled to
parks that had become makeshift morgues.
Historians say city officials, eager to bring people and commerce back
to the city, radically underestimated the death toll. Researchers are
still trying to settle on a number, but reliable estimates put the
loss above 3,000, and possibly as high as 6,000.
In any case, it ranks as one of the costliest disasters in
U.S. history, a benchmark to which later calamities are compared.
"It doesn't really feel like a party to me," said Bob McMillan, 37,
who walked to the memorial event early Tuesday with his wife and
2-year-old daughter. "There is a sense of the tragedy, but there is
also that San Francisco optimism. It's kind of like, 'We're still
Linda Cain, 52, joined the crowd to honor her late grandmother,
Loretta O'Connor, who lived through the quake.
"Growing up she would talk about how this devastated her life," Cain
said. "She loved San Francisco very much and she passed that on to
Communities up and down the San Andreas fault planned to commemorate
the earthquake Tuesday. In Santa Rosa, where 119 of the 7,500 citizens
were killed, 119 volunteers dressed in vintage garb would walk by
candlelight behind a horse-drawn hearse to the cemetery where 15
earthquake victims were buried in a mass grave.
San Jose, which was also hard-hit, has staged a geology exhibit called
"It's Our Fault, Too." At the Exploratorium science museum in San
Francisco, an artist sculpted a quivering San Francisco neighborhood
Historians generally agree on one point: that San Francisco will fall
again in a future quake. But they disagree over whether people should
love the city or leave it.
A study released Monday determined that a repeat of that 1906 temblor
today would cause 1,800 to 3,400 deaths, damage more than 90,000
buildings, displace as many as 250,000 households and result in $150
billion in damage.
Philip L. Fradkin, author of "The Great Earthquake And Firestorms Of
1906: How San Francisco Nearly Destroyed Itself," has chosen to make
the Bay Area his home in spite of the threat.
Fradkin lives in Point Reyes Station, north of San Francisco. The San
Andreas Fault, source of the magnitude-7.8 temblor, runs close by.
"San Francisco fell, and it will fall again," Fradkin said. "And if we can't
deal with the realities of history, we're lost. We do not know when or
how soon. Fifty years from now? Next month? Tomorrow morning at 5:12 AM?
Will it happen as just a mild little jiggle; we have lots of those, or
will the next _big one_ not only knock things over but have a 'tsunami
effect' as well, washing things out to sea in the process? Be prepared,
that's all I will say."
On the Net:
1906 Earthquake Centennial Alliance: http://1906centennial.org
Copyright 2006 The Associated Press.
NOTE: For more telecom/internet/networking/computer news from the
daily media, check out our feature 'Telecom Digest Extra' each day at
http://telecom-digest.org/td-extra/more-news.html . Hundreds of new
articles daily. And, discuss this and other topics in our forum at
For more news headlines from Associated Press please go to: