By RON FOURNIER, AP Political Writer
Frustrated by government and empowered by technology, Americans are
filling needs and fighting causes through grass-roots organizations
they built themselves -- some sophisticated, others quaintly ad
hoc. This is the era of people-driven politics. And politicians are
understandably furious in many cases.
From a homemaker-turned-kingmaker in Pittsburgh to dog owners in New
York to a "gym rat" here in southwest Florida, people are using the
Internet to do what politicians can't -- or won't -- do.
This is their story, but it's also an American story because ordinary
folks are doing the extraordinary to find people with similar
interests, organize them and create causes and connections.
"People are just beginning to realize how much power they have," said
Chris Kofinis, a Democratic consultant who specializes in grass-roots
organizing via the Internet.
"At a time when we are craving community and meaning in our lives,
people are using these technologies to find others with the same
complaints and organize them," he said. "They don't have to just sit
in a coffee shop and gripe about politics. They can change politics."
Mary Shull changed her life, if not politics.
A lonely and frustrated liberal, the stay-at-home mother of two joined
the liberal online group MoveOn.org in 2004. Working from home, the
Pittsburgh woman helped round up votes for presidential candidate John
Kerry and other Democrats. On Election Day, Kerry prevailed in
Pennsylvania, but failed to unseat President Bush.
"I was upset with Kerry's loss, but what really devastated me was the
loss of that sense of empowerment in my life, this sense of
engagement, that I got with MoveOn," she said.
Shull, 31, was brimming with ideas for liberal causes, but MoveOn had
virtually shut down after the election and the Democratic Party was
catatonic. So she took matters in her own hands, e-mailing the 1,500
contacts she had made through MoveOn and asking if they wanted to keep
Their first meeting drew 85 people. They got involved in local races,
and Shull tended to her e-mail list -- each name coded with the
person's pet issue.
"This wasn't about a huge agenda. This was people gathering together
and working with each other on things that interested them," she
said. "It was just a way for people to connect with each other."
Politicians took notice. When former Rep. Joe Hoeffel decided he might
want to run for lieutenant governor, he called Shull and asked for her
"Ten years ago, somebody like Mary would be as interested as she is in
politics, but her circle of influence would not have extended beyond her
home or block or even voting precinct," said Hoeffel, a Democrat who gave up
his House seat in 2004 for an unsuccessful Senate bid.
"Now, she's got 1,500 other self-motivated and influential people at
her fingertips, and carries as much clout as half the people I've been
MoveOn, founded in 1997 to fend off President Clinton's impeachment,
raised $60 million for liberal causes in 2004. The group put its
organizing muscle behind Cindy Sheehan last summer and helped make the
"Peace Mom" a symbol of the anti-war movement.
Political activist Tom Hayden believes that the anti-war movement in
the 1960s, which he helped organize, could have gained steam sooner
had the Internet existed.
"Movements happen so much faster today," he said.
And they come in all shapes and sizes.
Shannon Sullivan's 9-year-old son wanted to know why Mayor James
E. West used a city computer to solicit gay men over the Internet, and
why nobody was doing anything about it.
"He's the mayor," Sullivan replied.
"Mom, you better do something."
So she did. A single mother with a high school education and no
political experience, Sullivan launched a recall campaign that used an
Internet site to organize rallies and media events. Turns out there
were thousands of other people in Spokane, Wash., who wondered why
nobody was doing anything about West.
"I was mad at people for not doing anything. I was mad at the system
and I was mad at James West," she said after her campaign succeeded in
convincing voters and the mayor was recalled. "I'm not so mad
anymore. Its not gay people in politics or authority, that's fine with
me and there should be more of them. It's James West who had to go."
Roberta Bailey likes Pugs -- the jowly, wrinkly faced breed of dog she
keeps as a pet. She also likes punk rock and people. With the help of
the Internet, the Manhattan photographer found a way to combine her
interests: She organized a group of Pug owners who fought to save a
legendary punk venue.
"I got off my butt and did something cool," she said.
Using the Meetup.com Web site, Bailey organized a "Million Pug March"
in Washington Square Park to show support for the venerable club
CBGB. It's as close to politics as she has ever come.
"Who knows what me and the Pugs can do to change the world some day,"
she said, giggling.
Howard Dean used Meetup.com in 2003 to organize anti-war activists
behind his Democratic presidential campaign. Though his candidacy
petered out, the Web site continued to grow.
Nearly 2 million people log into the site to find others with similar
interests. There are more than 4,000 topics -- everything from witches
and pagans to wine enthusiasts, working moms and divorced dads.
"People really get a certain high about connecting with other human
beings," said Scott Heiferman, the site's co-founder. "Because we live
in such an isolated culture, when people come together with other
like-minded people, there is a sense of, 'Let's organize to do
Matt Margolis got tired of hearing about the rising influence of
liberal blogs so he scrolled the Internet for advice on how to start
an online diary of his own. He enlisted writers. He got help with
designing a home page. He found somebody who knew how to write
Blogsforbush.com was born.
"It took a community of people to get me going," said the 25-year-old
architecture student from Boston. By the end of the 2004 election, he
had a nearly 1,500 other bloggers posted on his site -- an army of
Bush backers who donated time and money to his campaign and wrote
letters to the editor on the president's behalf.
Dave Renzella is a fitness instructor at Omni gym in Fort Myers,
Fla. In his spare time, he plugs into the MoveOn Web site to get the
e-mail addresses of fellow liberals and tries to organize them.
"I'm not an activist at heart. I'm a gym rat," he said, "but the
Internet makes it easy to combine an interest in people with an
interest in politics."
Eli Pariser, the 25-year-old executive director of MoveOn Political
Action, said the people-driven trend is a good thing for democracy, a
chance to "shift the balance of power from established interests that
can raise of lot of money and lobby special interests to a bunch of
bubble-up, bottom-up citizen campaigns."
These newly empowered constituents are using technology to send a
message to politicians. Iowa Gov. Tom Vilsack frequently hears from
citizens via e-mails on his Blackberry.
"It's great because it reconnects people to government. It's created a
sense of community and a sense of belonging," he said.
Politicians who pay little heed could find frustrated voters banding
together and creating a third-party movement.
"At some point this has got to reach critical mass," Kofinis
said. "Nobody knows when that will happen or how that will happen, but
it will literally explode into a movement."
On the Net:
Blogs on Bush: http://www.blogsforbush.com
Copyright 2005 The Associated Press.
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