MADRID, Spain - At the risk of breaching Internet civility, a European
Web portal is offering its visitors a weapon against spam: a
screensaver program that tries to choke spam servers by flooding them
with junk traffic.
As of Tuesday, about 65,000 people have signed up for the
controversial tool from the German-based Lycos Europe, whose sites get
20 million users monthly.
The company insists the technique is legal; it says the culprit
servers are simply choked a bit, not completely asphyxiated; and
dismissed concerns that its "Make Love not Spam" offensive can further
clog the world's digital pipeline.
Still, computer experts are worried.
"You don't stop a bad thing by being bad yourself," said David Farber,
former chief technologist at the U.S. Federal Communications
Commission sites. "The idea of somebody coming and hitting you and you
hitting back, you both end up very hurt. It just aggrevates an already
When a computer with the free Lycos screensaver is idle, the program
sends junk commands to Web sites identified by Lycos as selling
products pitched in spam. When done in masse, this eats up precious
bandwidth, causing the sites to overload and slow down.
The goal, said Lycos Europe spokesman Kay Oberbeck, is to "show the
owners of such spam Web sites that there is massive interest of
thousands of users who are not willing to just give up against more
and more spam each day."
The targets generally are not the servers used to do the actual
mailings; these days, those servers are most often legitimate ones
co-opted into spamming by viruses and worms.
Lycos chooses its targets by reviewing lists of suspect sites
identified by independent spam monitors such as SpamCop. The company
said it checks each manually to make sure it genuinely carries
products promoted by spam, though Oberbeck acknowledged the risk of
going after a legitimate site that has been hijacked by a spam-spewing
He said Lycos takes care not to crash spam servers altogether,
ensuring that they will never go below 5 percent bandwidth. Thus, he
said, the offensive isn't the same as denial-of-service attacks
commonly used by hackers to incapacitate Web sites.
Cyberspace activism such as virtual sit-ins in which computer users
gang together and use automated tools to flood a Web site is not
entirely new, said Dorothy Denning, a professor of defense analysis at
the Navy Postgraduate School in Monterey, Calif.
But in this case a for-profit company is the driving force.
"The interesting question is whether or not that company might be
liable under some law, and would probably be liable, certainly, at
least under a lawsuit by the spammers," she said.
Denning believes any impact on spamming will be minor at best. Though
spam sites have to pay for bandwidth required for the extra traffic,
she said, "the cost off adding extra bandwidth may be worth the reward
that comes from spamming."
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